نوع مقاله : مقاله کامل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه بهداشت مواد غذایی، دانشکده دامپزشکی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

فیلۀ مرغ یکی از فراورده‌های غذایی پرطرف‌دار حاصل از گوشت مرغ است. رشد میکروبی و اکسیداسیون لیپیدها از عوامل اولیۀ فساد این محصول در شرایط یخچالی می‌باشد. نمونه‌های فیلۀ مرغ در قالب یک نمونۀ شاهد و یک تیمار با اسانس هستۀ انگور و 4 تیمار با غلظت‌های 1، 2 و 5 درصد نانوامولسیون اسانس هستۀ انگور تهیه‌شده و به مدت 14 روز در یخچال (4 و 8 درجۀ سانتی‌گراد) نگهداری شدند. تمامی نمونه‌ها طی این مدت در فواصل زمانی مختلف با انجام آزمون‌های میکروبی، شیمیایی و حسی موردارزیابی و مقایسه قرار گرفتند. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از آنالیز واریانس دوطرفه و برای مقایسۀ میانگین‌ آنها از آزمون چنددامنه‌ای دانکن استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که نمونه‌های تیمارشده با غلظت‌های مختلف نانوامولسیون اسانس هستۀ انگور در مقایسه با نمونۀ شاهد، دارای شمارش باکتریایی کمتر و نیز مقادیر نیتروژن فرار کل و عدد پراکسید کمتری در طول مدت مطالعه داشتند. نمونه‌های تیمارشده با غلظت 5 درصد نانوامولسیون اسانس هستۀ انگور در مقایسه با غلظت‌های 1 و 2 درصد در افزایش زمان ماندگاری مؤثرتر بودند همچنین پذیرش کلی نمونۀ دارای نانوامولسیون اسانس با غلظت 5 درصد تا روز 7 دارای امتیاز 0/11±3/12 بود. بنابراین می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که نانوامولسیون اسانس هستۀ انگور می‌تواند با به‌تأخیرانداختن فساد میکروبی و شیمیایی و بهبود ویژگی‌های حسی باعث افزایش زمان ماندگاری فیلۀ مرغ بسته‌بندی‌شدۀ تازه در شرایط یخچالی شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

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