raw chicken meat and Salmonella enterica subsp. diarizonae as the First Report in Iraq

Document Type : Original Paper


Department of Food Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kufa, Al-Najaf, Iraq


The present study was performed to assess the presence of Enterobacteriaceae in raw meat in Iraq using cultivation and the VITEK®2 compact system. A total of 20 chicken raw meat samples were randomly purchased from butchers and local meat retailers located in Najaf, Iraq. Five bacterial isolates were recovered from these samples. Proteus mirables (70%) was found to be the most abundant, followed by Enterobacter cloacae complex (15%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella enterica subsp diarizonae (10%), and Enterobacter aerogenes (5%). It is worth noting that the presence of Salmonella enterica ssp diarizonae in local chicken meat represents the first record of such an isolate in Iraq. Moreover, the presence of several Enterobacteriaceae in locally produced retail raw chicken meat raises concerns about the possibility of cross-contamination with other food items. also enhances the danger of human infection from eating raw or undercooked meat. To lessen the danger of infection, veterinarians and public health authorities must coordinate and take synchronized action.


Main Subjects


Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 31 March 2023
  • Receive Date: 23 August 2022
  • Revise Date: 25 December 2022
  • Accept Date: 28 January 2023