نوع مقاله : مقاله کامل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم باغبانی و گیا‌ه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

2 گروه علوم باغبانی و گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

3 گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

چکیده

قابلیت ماندگاری 4 رقم گوجه‌فرنگی گیلاسی و بیان ژن‌های بیوسنتز اتیلن (SAM1، ACS4، ACO1 و ACO4) با تیمارهای بسته‌بندی (فیلم LDPE) و بسته‌بندی همراه با تیمار 1-MCP ((5 میکرولیتر در لیتر) به مدت 48 ساعت در دمای 20 درجۀ سانتی‌گراد) در دمای 20 درجۀ سانتی‌گراد به مدت 16 روز موردمطالعه قرار گرفتند. نتایج اُفت وزن و سفتی بافت میوه نشان دادند که بین بسته‌بندی و بسته‌بندی همراه با 1-MCP در 4 رقم گوجه‌فرنگی تفاوت قابل‌توجهی وجود نداشت، اما تغییرات مواد جامد محلول و pH در تیمار بسته‌بندی همراه با 1-MCP نسبت به سایر تیمارها کمتر بود. براساس نتایج فیزیکوشیمیایی درجه‌بندی ارقام گوجه‌فرنگی رقم یلوو پییر، اورنج سانتا، بلک‌بری و اورنج بری به‌ترتیب از ماندگار تا حساس انجام شد. بررسی الگوی بیان ژن‌های SAM1، ACS4، ACO1 و ACO5 در ارقام یلوو پییر و اورنج بری نشان داد که بیان این ژن‌ها در شاهد با اختلاف معنی‌دار بیشتر از تیمارهای بسته‌بندی و بسته‌بندی همراه با 1-MCP صورت گرفت. سطح بیان ژن ACO5 در هر دو رقم یکسان بود، اما سطح بیان ژن‌های ACO1 و ACS4 در رقم یلوو پییر بیشتر از اورنج بری بود. در مقابل، میزان بیان ژن SAM1 در رقم یلوو پییر کمتر از اورنج بری مشاهده شد. در مجموع، با وجود تفاوت ژنتیکی این ارقام، بسته‌بندی و تیمار بسته‌بندی همراه با 1-MCP منجربه‌کاهش فسادپذیری و بهبود کیفیت نگهداری میوۀ گوجه‌فرنگی گیلاسی شد.

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